With a population of more than 3.6million people, Languedoc is the fastest-growing region in France, attracting immigrants to its high-tech industries as well as with a sunny Southern European climate.
Once a recognized province of France, Languedoc is now split between the Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées régions, with a tiny area in both Rhône-Alpes and Auvergne. The capital city of Languedoc was Toulouse, now in Midi-Pyrénées and home to Airbus. Montpellier was also a major city, preferred by the kings of France as less of a threat to the status quo than prosperous Toulouse, whose counts were ever-rebellious. Both are now among the fastest growing metropolitan areas in Europe. Languedoc is also a major wine region, producing a third of France's grapes.
The province’s name comes from the word “oc” for “yes” in the local dialect, which is related to Spain's Catalan. Languedoc literally means “òc language”. The popularity of rugby, rather than football, also distinguishes it from the rest of France, and bull-fighting is found in eastern parts. Sea-jousting is a unique local sport with its own league.
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